Agreement Intended To Settle International Debts From Ww1

- 02/12/20
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Most of the great battles of the war took place in France, and the French landscape was heavily degrossed. Moreover, in 1918, during the German withdrawal, German troops devastated the most industrialized region of France in the north-east (North-Pas de Calais Mining Basin). Major looting took place when German troops removed everything they could use and destroyed the rest. Hundreds of mines were destroyed, railways, bridges and entire villages. French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau was decided for these reasons that any just peace required Germany to pay reparations for the damage it caused. Clemenceau saw reparations as a way to weaken Germany to ensure that it could never threaten France again. [9] [10] His position was shared by French voters. [11] Reparations would also be paid to other countries, including Belgium, which were also directly affected by the war, in the costs of reconstruction. [12] Despite internal pressure for a strict settlement, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George spoke out against pre-elected reparations. He argued for a smaller sum, which would be less detrimental to the German economy, with the long-term objective of guaranteeing Germany as a viable economic and trade partner.

He also argued that reparations should include war pensions for disabled veterans and allowances for war widows, which would provide more reparations to the British Empire. [13] [14] [15] Wilson opposed these positions and insisted that Germany not be compensated. [16] The Paris Peace Conference opened on 18 January 1919 to establish a lasting peace between the Allies and the central powers. [17] The losing party`s claim for compensation was a common feature of peace treaties. [18] However, the financial terms of the contracts signed at the peace conference were characterized as reparations to distinguish them from penalties normally referred to as compensation. The reparations were intended for the reconstruction and compensation of families who had been deceived by the war. [12] The opening article of the Versailler Treaty Reparation Section, Article 231, served as the legal basis for the following articles, which required Germany to pay compensation[19] and limited German liability to civil damages. The same article, which changed the name of the signatory, was included in the treaties signed by the German allies. In 1914, the First World War broke out. Over the next four years, fighting raged in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia. [2] On January 8, 1918, U.S. President Woodrow Wilson issued a statement known as “Fourteen Points.” This speech called in part on Germany to withdraw from the territory it occupied and to create a society of nations.

[3] [4] In the fourth quarter of 1918, the central powers began to collapse. [5] In particular, the German army was firmly defeated on the Western Front and the German navy moved, provoking internal political uprisings known as the German Revolution. [6] [7] [8] The German people regarded reparations as a national humiliation; the German government has sought to undermine the validity of the versaille contract and the payment condition.

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