Bilateral Migration Agreements

- 04/12/20
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We have identified 582 bilateral employment contracts through this process. However, this list is almost certainly inconsequenty. Many BLAs are not deposited in large international treaty databases and often do not receive much, if any, publicity. Therefore, we know that our data set is incomplete. We are not aware of any other sets of public data from these agreements and we believe that this is the most important list ever established of the agreements. We would be happy to be informed of additional bilateral employment contracts or errors in our data. The terms of the BLAs negotiated and defined by the states can be very different. Nevertheless, there are several characteristics that may have agreements in common. An example is that the destination country offers migrant workers protection from ill-treatment in their jobs and guarantees access to health care. On the other hand, the country of origin can do so by controlling the migratory flow. While the two countries, sent and received, generally agree with the supervision of workers (Chilton and Posner, 2017). Chilton, A.

S. and Posner, E. A. (2017). Why countries sign bilateral employment contracts, Coase-Sandor Institute for Law and Economics working paper 807, The University of Chicago law school, 51. Accessible: IAO (2019). Bilateral agreements and regional cooperation. Accessible:–en/index.htm IAO/IOM/OSCE (2007). Manual for defining effective policies for labour migration in countries of origin and destination, International Labour Organization, International Organization for Migration, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe.

248p. Accessible: For this recording, the observation unit is a Dyad year. The original model for the year is based on a data set created by the Correlates of WAR (COW) project and available for (we used the 2011 version). We then expanded it to Hong Kong, as well as the years 2012-2015 for all the countries that existed from 2011. Subsequently, we presented a large number of national controls, such as. B as migration and trade flows, GDP and population. The full list of controls and their primary sources can be find in the Codebook. We have compiled this data set with our list of contracts and established a series of variables that correspond to those contracts.

In the recent past, bilateral labour contracts, such as bilateral agreements and Memorandums of Understanding on labour immigration, have become increasingly important as instruments for facilitating labour mobility. While these measures can play an important role in respecting the rights of migrant workers, in practice they highlight a number of gaps in design and implementation. Despite the fact that EU Member States have participated in many bilateral agreements and that Polish experience in this area remains limited. In order to tackle these problems, ICMPD is organising an introductory training course on bilateral agreements and Memorandums of Understanding for the main Polish players involved in labour migration policy. BLAs can be an instrument to improve the management of labour immigration in a triple profit scenario: countries of origin, destination countries and migrant workers themselves. In addition, it may be a way for the sending country to ensure that migrant workers are employed and to provide appropriate employment schemes, in addition to ensuring that they fall under social protection (ILo/IOM/OSCE, 2007). Wickramasekara, P. and Ruhunage, L.

K. (2018). Good practices and provisions in multilateral and bilateral labour contracts and declarations of intent by the International Labour Organization. Accessible: Panhuys, C.


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